Enhanced Photo-Catalytic Performance of Activated Carbon Fibers for Water Treatment
The synthesis, characterization, and performance of composite photocatalytic adsorbents are investigated in this work using the dip-coating and the electrophoretic coating methods for the deposition of titanium dioxide (TiO2) on porous activated carbon fiber (ACF) substrates. The adsorption and photocatalytic effciency of the synthesized catalytic adsorbents were compared using phenol as the model pollutant. Both immobilization techniques resulted in composite ACF/TiO2 adsorbents characterized by large surface area (844.67 45.58 m2g-1), uniform distribution of TiO2 nanoparticles on the activated carbon fibers, and high phenol adsorption. The method and the treatment time affected the phenol adsorption, while the highest sorption was determined in the case of the ACF/TiO2 sample prepared by the electrophoretic coating method (at 20 V) for an electrolysis time of 120 s (7.93 mgphenol g-1ACF/TiO2). The UV-A irradiation of most ACF/TiO2 samples led to a faster removal of phenol from water as a result of the combined sorption and heterogeneous hotocatalysis. The stability and the effective regeneration of the most promising composite photocatalytic adsorbent was proved by multiple filtration and UV-A irradiation cycles.